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Yekîneyên Parastina Gel

People's Protection Units

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Di Derbarê Yekîneyên Parastina Gel

Yekîneyên Parastina Gel (YPG), artêşa fermî ya Rojavayê Kurdistanê ye. YPG, piştî êrîşên rejîma BAAS a Sûrî di sala 2004’an, bi armanca parastina gel, bi komên piçûk xwe rêxistin kir. Piştî ku li hemû bajarên Kurdistana Rojava de xwe rêxistin kir û ezmûnên girîng bi dest xist, YPG di sala 2011’an de bi awayekî fermî damezrandina xwe îlan kir. YPG niha li Kantona Efrîn, Kobanê, Cizîr û taxa Şêx Meqsûd a Helebê de tevgerkirî ye.

YPG, ji bo parastina nirx û mîrateya gelên Rojava hatiye damezrandin û mibdeyên paradîgmaya Civaka Demokratîk, Ekolojîk û Azadiya Jinê ji xwe re esas digire. Bê ku ferq û cûdatî bixe navbera ol, ziman, netew, zayend û partiyên siyasî, li hember hemû êrîşên ji derve parastina welat erka xwe ya bingehîn dibîne. YPG, girêdayî çi hêzek siyasî nîne û hêza parastina netewa demokratîk e. Hemû erk û xebatên xwe bi feraseta parastina rewa birêve dibe û berjewendiyên gelên Rojava diparêze.

YPG, artêşek ji gel e û tevlîbûna artêşê li ser esasê dilxwazî ye. Hemû kesên ji netew, ol û baweriyên cûda yên li Rojava jiyan dikin dikarin tevlî YPG bin. Di nava YPG de ji hemû gelên li Rojava jiyan dikin wek Ereb, Sûryan, Tirkmen, Aşûr, Ermen û hemû baweriyên li Rojava-Bakurê Sûrî hene di nav hevahengiyekê de dijîn. Hêzên Senadîd, Heres El Xabûr û Meclîsa Leşkerî ya Sûryan ên xwe wek hêza parastina gelê xwe tevgerkirine di nav YPG de cihê xwe dibînin.

Piştî hejmara jinên di nava YPG de zêde bûn, di 4ê Avrêla 2013’an de şervanên jin Yekîneyên Parastina Jin (YPJ) damezrandin. YPJ, wek hêzek xweser tevdigere û ji bilî mijarên giştî hemû karûbarên xwe, rêxistinên xwe girêdayî rêziknameya xwe birêve dibe.

YPG, di demek kin de serdestiya xwe ya leşkerî li seranserê Rojava îsbat kir. Piraniya bajarên Rojava-Bakurê Sûrî ji destê rejîma BAAS a desthilatdar azad kir. Li dijî êrîşên çeteyên DAIŞ û çeteyên Koalîsyona Sûrî berxwedanekî bêhempa meşand û li gor herêmên din ên Sûrî di avakirin û parastina herêmekî ewle de rolek dîrokî lîst.

Hêzên YPG/YPJ di nava 5 salan de gellek şer û berxwedaniyên dîrokî birêvebirine. Çend ji van berxwedaniyên bi navê YPG û QSD (Quwwat Sûriya al-Dîmuqratiya – Hêzên Sûriya Demokratîk) de meşandin wiha ne:

  • Rizgarkirina Êzidiyên ji çiya û bajarê Şingalê, parastina korîdora Şingalê ango berxwedaniya Cezaa û Rebîa (havîn û payiza 2014)
  • Parastina Kobanê, rizgarkirina bajar û gundewarên Kobanê (15 Îlon 2014 – 15 Pûşber 2015)
  • Rizgarkirina Til Hemîs û Til Berak (21-29 Sibat 2015)
  • Rizgarkirina Çiyayê Kezwan, gundewarên Til Temir, Mebrûka, Silûk, Girê Spî, Eyn Îsa (6 Gulan-15 Pûşber 2015)
  • Rizgarkirina Sirîn (Îlon 2015)
  • Rizgarkirina Holê (Mijdarê 2015)
  • Rizgarkirina Bendava Tişrîn (Kanûna 2015)
  • Rizgarkirina Şedadê (Sibata 2016)
  • Rizgarkirina Herêma rojhilatê başûr a çiyayê Kezwan (Adarê 2016)
  • Rizgarkirina Minbic (Pûşber-Tebaxa 2016)

YPG, ji payîza 2014 vir ve bi Koalîsyona Navnetewî ya li dijî DAIŞê ve di nav têkîlî de ye û di nav koordînasyonekî de karên xwe birêve dibe.

YPG, li gor qanûnên Xweseriya Demokratîk, girêdayî Wezareta Parastina Rojava erka xwe ya parastinê berdewam dike.


About the People’s Defense Units

The People’s Defense Units (YPG) is the official army of West Kurdistan. The YPG organized itself into small groups after the attacks of the Syrian BAAS regime in 2004, with the aim of protecting the people. The YPG officially announced its formation in 2011 after organizing in all cities of West Kurdistan and gaining significant experience. The YPG is currently active in Afrin, Kobanê, Cizîr and Meêx Meqsûd districts of Aleppo.

The YPG was established to protect the values ​​and heritage of the people of the West and is based on the paradigm of Democratic Society, Ecology and Women’s Liberation. Regardless of religion, language, ethnicity, gender or political party, defending the country against all external attacks is its primary duty. The YPG does not depend on any political force and is the defense force of a democratic nation . It carries out all its duties and activities with a sense of legitimate defense and protects the interests of the people of the West.

The YPG is an army of the people and the involvement of the army is on a voluntary basis. All people of different nationalities, religions and beliefs living in the West can join the YPG. The YPG includes all peoples living in the West such as Arabs, Syrians, Turkmen, Assyrians, Armenians and all faiths living in North-Western Syria living in harmony. The Sanadid forces, Heres El Khabur and the Syrian Military Council, which have acted as a force to protect their people, see their place in the YPG.

After the number of women in the YPG increased, on April 4, 2013, women fighters formed the Women Protection Units (YPJ). The YPJ acts as an autonomous force and, in addition to public affairs, manages all its activities, its organizations in accordance with its regulations.

The YPG, in a short time, proved its military dominance throughout the West. Most of the cities of North-Western Syria were liberated from the hands of the ruling BAAS regime. It has put up an unparalleled resistance against the attacks of ISIS gangs and the Syrian Coalition gangs and has played a historic role in building and maintaining a safe zone compared to other parts of Syria.

YPG / YPJ forces have led many historical battles and resistances in the last 5 years. Some of these resistances carried out by the YPG and QSD (Syrian Democratic Forces – Democratic Forces of Syria) are as follows:

  • Rescue of Yezidis from the mountains and the city of Sinjar, protection of the Sinjar corridor or resistance to Punishment and Rebiya (summer and autumn 2014)
  • Defending Kobanê, rescuing the cities and villages of Kobanê (15 September 2014 – 15 June 2015)
  • Rescue of Til Hemis and Til Berak (21-29 February 2015)
  • Rescue of Mount Kezwan, villagers of Til Temir, Mebruka, Siluk, Girê Spî, Eyn (sa (6 May-15 June 2015)
  • Sweet Rescue (September 2015)
  • Holo Rescue (November 2015)
  • Tishrin Dam Rescue (December 2015)
  • Survival of the Fittest (February 2016)
  • Rescue of the southeastern region of Mount Kezwan (March 2016)
  • Minbic Rescue (June-August 2016)

The YPG has been in contact with the International Coalition against ISIS since the fall of 2014 and is coordinating its activities.

The YPG, under the laws of Democratic Autonomy, continues its defense mission under the auspices of the Western Ministry of Defense.